In What Programming Language Shopify Is Coded?

Shopify is a great platform for creating and managing online shops. This knowledge can help users make the most of this amazing eCommerce platform.

Shopify store owners may not be aware of the language Shopify uses to program. What language does Shopify use? What number of languages is there? These questions may seem a mystery to you.

Today we will be covering all you need to know about Shopify’s programming language. Let’s get started!

What is Shopify?

Let’s start with Shopify. Shopify Inc., a Canadian multinational ecommerce company, is located in Ottawa, Ontario. Tobi founded Shopify Inc. over ten years ago with the goal of selling snowboards under his company name Snowdevil. He soon realized that selling snowboards online was difficult without an easy-to-use eCommerce platform. He created Shopify by creating a platform.

Which programming language is Shopify built upon?

Shopify created Liquid, a Ruby-based open-source template language. It’s the core of Shopify themes. It loads dynamic content onto storefronts. Shopify has been using liquid since 2006, and it is also used by many other web applications.

The Development Phase

Shopify was created by three developers in two months. Shopify’s iOS app was released in 2010 that allowed store owners to manage their stores using their iPad and iPhone. Shopify launched Shopify payments in August 2013. This enabled retailers to accept credit cards from customers without having to integrate any third-party gateway.

It also launched the point-of-sale system with iPad. Merchants can now accept debit and credit cards offline by using an iPad. The Frenzy app was released in December 2016 to increase flash sales and trigger demand. Shopify agreed to cooperate with Amazon one year later to allow merchants to sell products on Amazon through their Shopify stores. Deliv became their business partner for same-day shipping.

The Programming language Stack

Ruby on Rails – Tobu Lutke, the Shopify main developer. He used to sell snowboards online, as Snowdevil was his company name. He was not able to find the platform he wanted. He was one the Ruby on Rails core developers at the Ruby organization. He chose Ruby on Rails to be the programming language for the platform. He did not only use Ruby on Rails for programming. This is implied by the use of Liquid as a templating language.

Ruby on Rails was the best choice for him because of the flexibility and custom-made features it provided to help develop Shopify. Tobu also realized that there needed to be more scale in the future as he believed his brand had great potential. Ruby developers to hire are among the most popular scalable programming language.


After removing almost 30,000 JavaScript lines, they discovered that the Shopify Admin panel was written in a proprietary JavaScript platform. They then recreated it entirely in Ruby on Rails. JavaScript is essential for online development in almost all cases. Tobu loved JavaScript, and he shared that at the 2017 Developer Conference. ReactJS has been brought up many times.


To find out which programming languages the company is currently using, you need to visit the careers page. They are looking for developers who are proficient in the technologies and programming language that they use to create their products. Shopify’s Careers Page lists the requirements for MySQL developers. It is therefore safe to say that MySQL is Shopify’s main database.


Liquid, which is PHP-based, is the front-end language. We can also prove that MySQL is the best PHP-MySQL combination. Similar syntaxes might make it easier for PHP developers make the transition to Shopify.

TechStack is a website that helps you determine the tech-stack of an online platform. It would display Nginx, Docker and Go if Shopify is the platform. Go, the most popular programming language is right now. It has robust features that are perfect for Shopify. Shopify uses Docker partly because it is an open platform that allows you to run distributed applications. Nginx, a faster and more accurate proxy server available, improves Shopify’s performance.

The backbone of all Shopify themes is the liquid template language

Liquid was developed by Shopify and in Ruby. It is an open-source, template language. It is used to load dynamic content onto storefronts and it is the basis of Shopify themes. Liquid was introduced in 2006 and is widely used by other hosted web applications.

Liquid knowledge would help you as a store owner to better understand your theme. You don’t have to be a programmer or engineer, but you can still solve the problems or understand the root causes. It can save you time and money.

Let’s look at the transition from text to form on your contact page in order to show you how your store’s frontend integrates with your theme’s Liquid Code.

Replicate your theme

We recommend that you copy your theme to reverse any errors you might have made. To do this, navigate to Online Store Section, click on Themes, and then click on Actions. Select Duplicate.

Open Shopify code editor

Next to your duplicate theme, click the Actions Menu. To open the Shopify code editor, tap Edit code.

Open file

Code deleted

Highlight and delete any code that is related to the Liquid File

Make changes and save them

To save your changes, click on the Save link

Return to the themes page

Select Themes for exiting the Liquid Code editor and returning to the theme page

Section Open Pages

Open contact page

Enter the content

Enter the text you wish to display and click save.

Publicize the changes

You can now publish the changes you made.

Liquid takes patience and time to learn. This code is easier to read, so make sure you scan the code and understand its purpose. You can learn more about Liquid by visiting our Liquid Shopify guides which describe Liquid code’s tags and filters as well as objects and basic concepts.

Programming Languages For Shopify Apps

An eCommerce company must offer customers an easy-to-use and user-friendly store. It also needs to ensure that its website is regularly updated. It is important to ensure that all apps are current and meet the latest criteria. It is a continuous process to create and develop new apps.

Shopify offers its own app store, which has many apps. Its main goal is to provide specialized functionality to its customers. Shopify’s trust and security policies are followed while the apps will be tailored to your store’s specific needs. Shopify offers both its own apps store and third-party apps.


  • Shopify uses a programming language
  • Definition of the Main Programming Languages
  • Shopify App Store Listing
  • The Most Effective Way to Learn Coding Shopify Custom App
  • Test the App
  • Encryption and Security
  • App Hosting Options
  • Cost to Create a Shopify App On A Regular Basis

Shopify uses programming language

Any app’s performance is dependent on the programming language used. Shopify is no exception to this rule. Although it provides the most widely used Ruby and Python libraries, the technology stack does not limit itself to these languages. You can also get languages such as Node and PHP with third-party libraries.

An interface created in an app that uses a language other than the ones mentioned above can still be used to compare it with Shopify. Polaris from Shopify is one example of such an app. It comes with a design system and UI kit. Polaris allows the user to have an easier experience in the app by providing a variety of patterns, designs and components (includes HTML-snippets which can be used instead of React components), content styles and other features.

This article will walk you through the key programming languages that are used to create Shopify.

Here’s a quick overview of each of Shopify’s main programming languages…

Definition of the Main Programming Languages

Ruby and Python are the most common programming languages for building Shopify apps.

Ruby: Ruby has been ranked among the top ten programming language by various indexes such as the TIOBE index, which tracks the popularity and growth of languages around the world. Ruby is a freely available programming language. It can be copied, modified, distributed and modified.

Ruby on Rails, the most well-known Ruby-based software, is responsible most of the development for Shopify apps.

The language also offers many other features such as

  • Ruby, like Python and Java, also has ‘exception management tools’ which make it easy to correct mistakes.
  • Ruby’s garbage collector is a mark-and-sweep system that collects all Ruby objects. This eliminates the need to keep track of extensions libraries and makes it easy for developers.
  • Ruby makes it easier to write C extensions than Perl and Python. SWIG is another interface.
  • Ruby can dynamically load extensions libraries if your operating system allows it.

Python: If you’re looking for a general-purpose programming language, Python is it. Python is dynamically typed and has a high level abstraction. It prioritizes code readability. It uses extensive indentation.

Python is a great language for small and large projects. Its language elements and object-oriented approach allow programmers to create clear and logical code. It allows for the exchange of ideas. It supports many programming paradigms including object-oriented, structured, and functional programming.

Python’s garbage collector ensures that any memory that is not being used is collected and reclaimed.

Python has the following features:

  • Coding is easy
  • Open Source Software and Free
  • GUI Support
  • Object-oriented Approach
  • High-level Language
  • Highly portable
  • Highly Dynamic
  • A vast array of library resources
  • Other Languages Support

Listing of the App in Shopify App Store

Shopify can include your app in its App Store depending on the service/product niche. Shopify offers app development training for people who are interested in learning more about Shopify’s themes and customization, as well as how to set up an eCommerce store using Shopify and the Shopify application.

One such option is Postman, which has a pre-built collection of Shopify endpoints. This will make it easy to develop your Shopify app. Your Shopify app must be hosted by you, and all interactions with Shopify must take place via Shopify’s REST APIs that use JSON.

The Most Effective Way to Learn Coding Shopify Custom App

All things are going digital. This is a fact that everyone must accept. This is evident in the ever-expanding online eCommerce market. It is clear that eCommerce shops are being established quickly by those who have the time and resources. Developers and programmers have the opportunity to work with eCommerce companies regarding their apps. App developers are in high demand and there is plenty of work available.

The first step in creating a Shopify App is to choose whether you want to make it public or private. A public app allows you to connect to multiple marketplaces and to other apps using its APIs. However, a private app lets you only use one app store. In this instance, API access is restricted.

First-time app developers:

  1. A public app is the best choice for a new app developer. Your store will be integrated into Shopify’s admin panel. It is impossible to embed your Shopify shop in a private app.
  2. Next, choose a language. Shopify supports all languages, so you can choose any Shopify language you like. Polaris platform allows for easy creation of platform- and user-friendly interfaces.
  3. Next, learn how to connect your App to Shopify.

Shopify allows you to link applications in three different ways:

  • An admin panel is used to connect to Shopify APIs. All data can be viewed and written.
  • All-new functionality added to the Shopify admin
  • Enhancing/expanding how information is presented to customers
  1. After linking the app, it must be tested for performance.

Test the App

It is important to test your app after it has been developed. This will ensure that all API calls are correctly set up and that webhooks work properly for the different traffic volumes.

You might also consider the following testing tools:

  • Shopify App Bridge allows you to debug your app
  • NGROK – Secure Tunneling
  • Postman (tool to send an HTTP request at Shopify API endpoints).
  • To view webhooks, request Bin
  • API calls made with Paw

Security & Encryption

Shopify apps must use a secure sockets layers (SSL) to protect their users’ privacy. This ensures your app and your users are secure. Below are some resources that can help you secure and protect your app.

  • Let’s Encrypt
  • Shopify’s Platform Offers Trust and Security
  • Apps made more secure for merchants by being built on trust
  • SSL Certificates Free for Your Shopify App

Note: Shopify makes sure that even public apps are safer. Shopify has strict standards for new apps. It will make it easier for merchants to feel secure and more able to trust its app creators.

App Hosting Options

After the app has been built and tested, you will need a place to host it. This is why you need a reliable hosting website. These are some of the options available to you:

  • Heroku
  • Digital Ocean
  • AWS Tier Free
  • Four Easy Ways to Deploy Your App or Website

Cost to Create a Shopify App On a Regular Basis

Shopify App Store includes the pre-created apps. If you wish to create an app that meets your business’s needs, however, you will need custom software. The development process can be difficult. The development process will take longer and expert developers will be needed to build the program. This usually leads to a high price. These factors can increase the cost of your Shopify app.

The price of creating a Shopify App will vary depending on its features, future scope and scalability options. The cost of hosting your program on a server is the largest expense you will incur. The type of app you are developing is another important aspect that will impact the price of development.

  • Public applications are expensive because they create immediate income for the inventors and are published in Shopify.
  • Custom apps are only priced according to their intended use and function.
  • Private applications are created by developers for specific business needs. They can only be used once. Their use determines the cost of private apps.


Shopify offers a flexible solution for programming languages. It supports Ruby, Python, as well as a variety of third-party libraries such Node and PHP. Shopify supports almost all types of programming languages, so users can choose the best programming language.

Given that Python is a common language, it would make a great choice to build Shopify apps along with Ruby. It provides a stable, flexible framework for the apps.