Understanding the Shopify Product Database Schema

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Introduction to Shopify’s Product Database Schema

Shopify’s product database schema is designed to be flexible and easy to use. The schema is made up of a number of different tables, each with their own purpose. In this article, we’ll take a look at the main tables that make up the Shopify product database schema.


The products table is the central table in the Shopify product database schema. It contains all of the information about a product, such as the name, price, SKU, and so on. This table also has a number of relationships to other tables in the schema, which we’ll explore later on.


The variants table contains information about each individual variant of a product. For example, if a product comes in multiple sizes and colors, there will be a separate variant record for each size and color combination. Each variant record includes information such as the price, SKU, and weight of the variant.


The images table contains information about all of the images associated with a product. This includes both the main image for a product, and any additional images that have been added. Each image record includes information such as the file name and dimensions of the image.

Inventory Levels

The inventory_levels table contains information about the current stock level for each variant of a product. This information is used to keep track of how many units of each variant are available for sale. 

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The different types of data stored in the schema

There are three types of data that can be stored in the schema: product data, customer data, and order data. Product data includes information about the product itself, such as the name, description, price, and image. Customer data includes information about the customer, such as their name, email address, and shipping address. Order data includes information about the order, such as the products included in the order, the total cost of the order, and the shipping method.

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How the schema is organized

The Shopify product database schema is organized into six main sections: products, variants, collections, customers, orders, and fulfillments. Each section has its own set of fields and data that are specific to that section. For example, the products section includes fields for product name, SKU, price, description, etc., while the collections section includes fields for collection name, handle, description, etc.

Tips for working with the schema

There are a few key things to keep in mind when working with the Shopify product database schema:

-The schema is designed to be flexible, so there is no need to worry about creating perfect data models. In fact, it is often helpful to think of the schema as a set of building blocks that can be rearranged and customized as needed.

-Shopify’s data team is always available to help answer questions or provide guidance on working with the schema.

-Keep in mind that the schema is constantly evolving as new features are added to Shopify. As such, it is important to stay up-to-date on the latest changes.