GST and Taxes Explained for Dropshipping in India

GST is immaterial regarding under what mode of interaction the supply agreement is worked out. Tax stays the exact same even when agreement is worked out orally, in composing or through e-communication. Therefore, on a basic level, GST on e-commerce operator stays comparable to any other mode of supply. However, there are a couple of clearly particular arrangements suitable to e-commerce operators and providers of items or service providing through e-commerce websites. This post is an effort to discuss those arrangements.

Shopping website from outside India:

As a matter of basic guideline, liability to pay tax is secured just on the individuals providing products or services, through a facility situated in India. If such materials are made from a place outside India, the provider can not be secured with a GST payment liability. Supply of products is a basic example. State, a foreign maker providing items to an importer in India. Though, that foreign maker is provider of items, liability to pay GST is not on that foreign maker.

GST is paid by the importer situated in India at the time of import. Likewise, when provider of services materials specific services to an Indian homeowner, liability to pay GST on such supply is on the individual getting the services under reverse charge approach. Therefore, when an e-commerce operator lies outside India, in general there is no GST liability on that operator. Item provided comprehensive such foreign situated e-commerce website will bring in IGST at the time of import; and services provided through such an e-commerce portal will bring in GST on reverse charge approach.

Online Information and Database Access and Retrieval Service is an exception to the above stated arrangement. In case of OIDAR service, the liability to pay tax exists even on non-resident provider of services. The Integrated Goods and Service Tax Act specifies OIDAR to indicate services whose shipment is moderated by infotech online or an electronic network and the nature of which renders their supply basically automated and including very little human intervention and difficult to guarantee in the lack of infotech and consists of electronic services such as,– (i) marketing on the internet; (ii) offering cloud services; (iii) arrangement of e-books, film, music, software application and other intangibles through telecommunication networks or web; (iv) supplying information or details, retrievable or otherwise, to anybody in electronic kind through a computer network; (v) online products of digital material (motion pictures, tv programs, music and so forth); (vi) digital information storage; and (vii) online video gaming. The meaning is inclusive and likewise consists of comparable services apart from what is mentioned in the meaning stipulation. We can see from the meaning itself that tax has actually been enforced basically automated digital services needing very little human intervention. An easy treatment has actually been developed for non-resident provider of OIDAR services to pay GST.

There can be 2 designs of e-commerce. One scenario can be where the provider himself providing products or services through e-commerce website. GST laws stays the very same for the stated provider. Another design is the market or fulfilment design of e-commerce, promoted by Amazon or Zomato; or aggregator design followed by Ola or Urbanclap. In this design, the e-commerce operator simply offers a platform to different providers. 2 deals are occurring in this design- (i) provider providing products or services to the customers and (ii) the e-commerce operator providing services to the provider utilizing its platform. These stand out deals, and draw in GST by themselves.

Liability to pay GST:

As a basic guideline, liability to pay GST is on the provider of service. Even in e-commerce deals, the individuals providing products or services through the platform are the providers. Therefore, an individual offering the goods on Amazon, is provider of items and he is needed to follow GST arrangements in respect to those products. Likewise, a motor taxi leasing provider is the provider of services, even when he is making the supply utilizing the aggregator platform.

Nevertheless, Section 9( 5) of the CGST Act offers that the Government may, by notice, define classifications of services the tax on intra-State materials of which will be paid by the electronic commerce operator if such services are provided through it. 3 services, specifically (i) Motor Cab (ii) Hotels and lodging and (iii) Housekeeping services has actually been alerted under Section 9( 5) of the CGST Act.

It might be kept in mind that under Section 9( 5) of the CGST Act, just supply of services can be informed, where e-commerce operator can be made liable to pay tax on such supply when such supply is impacted through its website. In Re: Opta Cabs Pvt. Ltd. [2019 (20) GSTL 161], Appellate authority of Advance Ruling held that when transport of traveler service is supplied by the cabby by utilizing a software application, the e-commerce operator is liable to pay GST even if payment is not straight gotten by the e-commerce operator. Hence e-commerce operators, participated in supplying services informed under Section 9( 5) of the CGST Act are needed to establish their design in such a way that they can release the GST liability.

In regard of supply of items, the liability to pay GST constantly stays on the provider of items. Therefore, anybody providing items through Amazon is accountable for releasing its own GST liability. In case of supply of services, all providers of services are needed to release its own GST liability, other than the services informed under Section 9( 5) of the CGST Act.

Threshold Exemption Limit:

Under Section 24 (ix) of the CGST Act, everyone providing products or services through electronic commerce operators are needed to be compulsorily signed up, with no limit exemption limitation. Nevertheless, the Government has power to exempt defined provider from registration. Vide Notification No. 65/2017-C. T., dated 15-11-2017; the Central Government, excused individuals making products of services, besides products defined under sub-section (5) of area 9 of the stated Act through an electronic commerce operator and having an aggregate turnover, to be calculated on all India basis, not going beyond a quantity of twenty lakh rupees in a fiscal year.

Hence, individuals providing services besides those discussed in Section 9( 5) of the CGST Act are needed to sign up and gather GST just if their turnover is more than the threshold limitation. Individuals providing services pointed out in Section 9( 5) are not liable to be signed up under GST even if their turnover is more than the threshold limitation, as liability to pay GST is on the e-commerce operator.

It is kept in mind that the exemption has actually been offered from registration itself, and registration arrangements are directly appropriate likewise to IGST/SGST Act, and for this reason even inter-state materials are exempt from payment of GST on such supply of service upto threshold limitation of exemption.

Hence, individuals providing services through e-commerce operators delights in limit exemption limitation. Nevertheless, such advantage is not readily available to individuals providing items through e-commerce operators. Such providers of items are needed to get compulsorily signed up under GST even if their turnover is less than the threshold limitation. It suggests they are needed to sign up prior to offering through the e-commerce platform. All platforms like Amazon, Flipkart and so on needs GSTIN sometimes of registration as a seller on their platform.

Commission Charged from Vendors:

E-commerce websites are charging a commission from different providers. It totals up to support services, falling under Tariff heading 9985, and will draw in GST at the rate of 18%. E-commerce websites are needed to be compulsorily signed up under Section 24( ix) of the CGST Act, and will be paying GST on commission quantity got, without availing any exemption threshold limitation. The tax will be charged in the billings raised versus provider of products or services; and such providers can obtain ITC on such GST charged, if otherwise qualified.

Taxation at Source:

An electronic commerce operator is likewise needed to gather tax under Section 52 of the CGST Act, called TCS. The arrangement basically enforces a task on e-commerce operators to gather tax, from the quantity payable to the provider. Such TCS deducted is shown in the electronic cash journal of the provider. Nevertheless, the Government has actually clarified that TCS will be subtracted just when the provider is liable to pay GST. TCS is not needed to be gathered on exempt products [Frequently Asked Question on TCS provided by CBIC] For the functions of TCS, an e-commerce operator needs to get different registration for TCS, regardless of the truth that it is currently signed up under GST as a provider or otherwise and has GSTIN. The area enforces a responsibility on electronic commerce operators to gather a tax, from the factor to consider needed to be paid to the individuals making products of products or services or both through its platform. The reduction will be done on month-to-month basis on net worth of taxable products.

Dropshipping Business Meaning

Dropshipping is a service in which the seller offers the goods which he does not own sometimes of offering items however then passes the order to a 3rd party after getting order. Such 3rd party then provides the order to the buyer.

For instance, an individual has a site where he offers girls bag. He has actually participated in agreement with the wholesalers of such products. He takes order on his site and after that passes such order to wholesaler, such wholesaler sends out items to the buyer through carrier. The individual pays to the wholesaler the rate of item agreed upon and carrier charges. The individual makes the margin in between.

The dropshipping organization is increasing at a fast speed. Considering that the individual does not acquire the goods ahead of time, there is no investment and no risk of dead stock. He can concentrate on simply offering and marketing.

Keep in mind that Amazon, Flipkart are refraining from doing dropshipping organization. They are markets. Amazon and flipkart does not provide billings to buyers on their websites however the seller problems the billings. While in dropshipping the individual straight release the billings.

Applicability of GST on dropshipping

When products are bought and offered within India

An individual Rohit is doing dropshipping service, he participates in agreement with Prateek to acquire products when order shows up. Now Rohit gets an order from Mahesh. Rohit will take payment from Mahesh and concern billing to him. Rohit will send out the order to Prateek which in turn send out items to Mahesh however didn’t provide billing in his own name. He is simply sending out products to Mahesh on behalf of Rohit.

Prateek will provide billing to Rohit since he had actually offered products to Rohit and not Mahesh. Rohit can take input tax credit of such billing.

Both Prateek and Rohit are needed to take registration if the turnover is more than the defined limitation of Rs. 20/10 lakhs. Likewise, registration is needed if sales are made outside the state/union area in which the seller has place of service.

When products are offered beyond India

When items are offered outside India then the dropshipper needs to charge GST in typical way from the individual in dropshipping Business (merchant). It will be an export sales for the merchant and he has choice to either file Letter of Undertaking (LUT) and offer without GST or he can pay IGST sometimes of sale and after that obtain refund later on.

While the dropshipper is invoicing to the merchant, he can take advantage of Notification no. 40/2017– Central Tax (Rate) and pay CGST and SGST at rate of 0.05% each or 0.1% IGST, as relevant. This advantage undergoes particular conditions as given up the alert. (more on this later).

When products are buy from beyond India.

If the dropshipper remains in outdoors India then the merchant needs to pay IGST on reverse charge basis sometimes of import of items. The merchant will release a regular GST billing with CGST/SGST or IGST as appropriate.

The merchant will get the input tax credit of such IGST paid sometimes of import of products.

GST – Explained for Digital Entrepreneurs

We’re in modern India, where everything is changing more rapidly than ever. The economy, organization, individual taxes, the standard of cars we drive, and many more to come.

This is a new age for the nation’s youth to have chances to select from multiple alternative job choices.

Awareness of the GST for dropshipping companies in India in this article.

The need for GST for Businesses

Virtual pioneers or nomads are individuals who, however, they wish, work from wherever.

That is a probability now, and with minimal paper works with the government, it is entirely legal.

With minimal paperwork, anybody can create a simple one-person business and receive a GST certificate.

One essential point you need to remember is that if you have a GST, you have to tell the government once a month or at least once a year about how you are doing.

Will they have to know right after granting a GST certificate?

There are exemptions to try out or like a trial period before enrolling yourself or your company into the GST scheme.

The cap was 20L, and from the end of 2019-2020, it was expanded to 40L.

If your gross company income for the financial year is less than this cap, you do not need to file a GST.

We recommend setting a trial period of 3 months to build a simple business and earn the same GST certificate.

Once you have GST, unless you have registered under the composition program, it is mandatory to file GST returns every month.

If your gross income is less than two cores a year and there are also other similar schemes, the composition scheme requires you to pay 1 percent of your turnover.

Every month, we recommend that you report your company under daily GST and file returns.

You can use resources such as Zoho books (Rs.2500 a year and you can file returns by pressing your mouse.

GST for Dropshipping businesses in India

It is a modern tax reform imposed at all stages, from manufacture to consumption, with tax credits eligible as input credits at previous stages.

It lowers the distributors’ tax burden that would continue to pay tax on the benefit or the volume increase made.

For different product types, there are multiple GST slabs listed. It would help if you referred to our products’ GST slabs (link to FAQ HSN codes).

SGST/CGST and IGST are the broad GST categories. You will be billed under SGST/CGS if you are a registered/unregistered company from Tamil Nadu.

You will be paid under IGST if you are a registered/unregistered company from other nations.

We would clarify the relevant tax formalities about our business model of print on demand and delivery from here, which only applies to your B2C purchases.

You (Qikink’s customers) would be treated as a third entity under Section 10, Sub-Section 1 (A/B). Here the place of execution will be the third party’s principal place of operation. So, as per your state, Qikink will invoice you with the tax slab.

Section 10(1)(b) states that “where the goods are delivered by the supplier to a recipient or any other person on the direction of a third person, whether acting as an agent or otherwise, before or during movement of goods, either by way of transfer of documents of title to the goods or otherwise, it shall be deemed that the said third person had received the goods, and the place of supply of such goods shall be the principal place of business of such person.”

The place of supply will be the third person’s position as items are shipped to a party in the path of a third person and not when the distribution finishes.


With simple documentation such as PAN card, Aadhar card, photo, and proof of business address, you can conveniently apply for GST from your auditor.

If it is a leased property or a property tax receipt, proof of company address will be a rental deed if it is its property.

You may still use the lease deed for your house or condo. If your parents own a property, you can also get a rental deed from their address.

With these papers, you can get GST certificates for your company.

Filing GST Returns for Dropshipping Business

You require sales invoices, purchase bills, a tax levied on sales invoices, and tax collected on purchase invoices to file GST returns. You need two monthly returns and one annual return to be filed.

The manual entry only applies to the first GSTR1 filing process before the 11th of any month. The other GSTR 3B filing will get its meaning from your GSTR1 filing and your vendors’ and needs to be completed before any month on the 20th.

Your client is buying from you, and you are giving him a sales invoice. In this scenario, by the 11th of next month, you need to file all those GST invoices as GSTR-1.

File GSTR 3B by the 20th of the month where all sales are reported along with all the input tax credit from transactions (you can even reconcile the TCS input of GSTR-8 here if you are trading in markets).



If Kiran from Hyderabad buys your T-Shirt (a licensed company in Bangalore says) for Rs.500, you will invoice him for Rs.500.

With Qikink for Rs.350, you put the same order for Qikink invoices (with IGST) for Rs.350.

For both the sales invoice and the purchase charge, you can register GST and pay GST of Rs.7.5.


If you buy Kavya from Mumbai T-shirt (a registered company in Chennai) for Rs.600, you will invoice him for Rs.600.

You put the same order for Rs.300 with Qikink and Rs.300 with Qikink invoices (with CGST/SGST).

For both the sales invoice and the purchase charge, you can register GST and pay GST of Rs.15.


The GST for dropshipping companies in India is clarified in this.

This follows a straightforward tax arrangement for input credit scheme companies, where we need to pay tax for the amount received purely as margins.